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tÉlÉcharger kalnirnay july 2014 pdf

ॐ वक्रतुंड महाकाय कोटिसूययसमप्रभ टिटवयघ्िुं करु मे देव सवयकायेष सवयदा॥
वटिष्ठ॥ यटममि् पक्षे यत्र काले येि दृग्गटितैक्यम्। दृश्यते तेि पक्षेि कयायटिथ्याटदटििययम्॥
भामकराचायय॥ यात्राटववाहोत्सवजातकादौ खेिैैः मफिैरेवफलमफित्वम्। मयात्प्रोच्यते तेि िभश्चरािाुं मफिटक्रया दृग्गटितैक्यकृ द्या॥
We are pleased to release the 2014 Purnimant calendar (North Indian Traditions) based on Hindu dharma
shastra and drika siddhanta. This calendar is specially prepared for the Toronto, Canada area, and it may not
be applicable in other parts of the world. All time presented here is adjusted for Daylight Saving Time.
People usually align the Hindu festivals with the English dates based on the Indian calendar. They think that
if an Indian calendar says “Janmasthami” on a certain date, say September 2 nd 2010, then it will appear as
September 2nd everywhere in the world. The USA is 10:30 to 15:30 hours behind India, so some people will
think it will also come the next day in the USA, i.e. September 3rd 2010. They also argue that their family
priest in India has told them to celebrate on this particular date and according to him the Indian calendar will
apply to all places in the world. This is a completely wrong assumption. If the Earth was flat then you can use
Indian calendar everywhere as sunrise sunset will happen all places equally. We won’t have any timezones
and the world will have only one timezone. Surya Siddhanta, Maharishi Vashistha, Bhaskaracharya taught
us to prepare the panchangam based on the longitude, latitude of the place you live for these reasons you
cannot bring a calendar from India and use abroad.
The English date and changes at midnight; whereas the Hindu date (or Tithi) and day does not change at
midnight. Hindu day changes at Sunrise. All days are from one Sunrise to another Sunrise. Sunday will start
at one Sunrise and end at the next Sunrise.The Hindu date – the Tithi changes depending on the position of
the Sun and Moon. It can change anytime between two Sunrises. That is to say that if Prathama Tithi ends
today at 23:02 it does not mean that Dwitiya Tithi will end tomorrow at the same time. It can end at 18:00,
18:09 or later.
Tithi: In the lunar calendar the Moon takes a month for each revolution around the Earth. The lunar
calendar is divided into two groups called Pakshas. The first one is called Krishna Paksha (or dark fortnight)
or wanning moon. The second is called Shukla Paksha (or bright fortnight) or waxing moon. Each Paksha is
divided into 15 Tithis. The first 14 Tithis are the Sanskrit numbers from 1 to 14 (Prathama, Dvithiya etc). The
15th Tithi of Shukla Paksha is Poornima (full Moon) & the 15th of the Krishna Paksha is Amavasya (Moon is
not visible as it is closest to the Sun).
same day in a different part of the world. If you are in America then it will be observed on previous day or the
next day if you are in Japan, Fiji, Australia and other countries. For example if a total lunar eclipse is visible
in India at 5:00 AM it will happen on the previous day in the USA. For these reasons Indian Panchangam you
bring from India cannot be used outside of India.
Uttarayana / Dakshinayana: The season occur based on earth’s position around the Sun. This is due to
Earth’s tilt of 23.45 degrees. The Earth circles around Sun with this tilt. When the tilt is facing the Sun we get
summer and when the tilt is away from the Sun we get winter. Because of this tilt it seems like the Sun travels
north and south of the equator. The Uttarayana is the Sun appearing to move north. The Dakshinayana is the
Sun appearing to move towards South. This causes rise to seaons and dependent on equinoxes and solstices.
There is a common misconception that Makar Samkranti is the Uttarayana. This is because at one point in
time Sayana and Nirayana Zodiac were same. Every year equinoxes slides by 50 seconds due to precision of
equinoxes, giving birth to Ayanamsha and causing Makar Samkranti to slide further. As a result if you think
Makar Samkranti is uttarayana then as it is sliding it will come in June after 9000 years. However Makar
Samkranti still holds importance in our rituals as a Samkranti. All Drika Panchanga makers will use the
position of the tropical Sun to determine Uttarayana and Dakshinayana. Hence January 14 th isn’t Uttarayana.
Actual Uttarayana occurs on December 21st/22nd of every year. For more details please visit
http://www.mypanchang.com or write to [email protected]
About myPanchang.com: myPanchang.com is the leading panchang maker providing the most accurate
panchagam in English and various Indian languages and panchangam for over more than 394 cities all over
the world based on highly accurate driga ganitha or thiruganitha. Most temples in the world rely on
myPanchang.com for accurate Panchang data and festival observance times. Please visit myPanchang.com for
more details. If you have any questions about confusion about any festival please contact myPanchang.com
2014 Calendar Acknowledgements
Lunar Month: A lunar month consists of 30 Tithis and each Tithi then corresponds to the time taken by the
Panchangam Data
Moon to move 12 degrees with respect to the Sun. Krishna Paksha Tithis are in the darker color and Shukla
Paksha Tithis are mentioned in the red color. Names of lunar months are Chaitra, Vaishakh, Jyestha,
Ashadha, Shravana, Bhadrapada, Ashwayuja, Kartika, Margasira, Pushya, Maha, and Phalguna.
Festivals & Muhurthas
Calculated by
Solar Month: A solar month begins when the Sun leaves one rasi and moves into the next. The solar month
names are based on 12 signs, they are Mesha, Vrishbha, Mithuna, Karka, Simha, Kanya, Tula, Vrischika,
Dhanush, Makara, Kumbha, and Mina. This system is widely used in Tamilnadu, Kerala, West Bengal,
Orrisa, Punjab and Assam.
Nakshatra: The path of the moon around earth is divided into 27 segments or Nakshatras. A nakshatra
changes when the moon leaves one of these 27 segments and enters the next. Nakshatras are in italics. They
are Ashwini, Bharani, Kritika, Rohini, Mrisgashirsh, Ardra, Punarvasu, Pushya, Ashlesha, Magha, Poorva
Phalguni, Uttara Phalguni, Hasta, Chitra, Swati, Vishakha, Anuradha, Jyestha, Moola, Poorva Shadha,
Uttara Shadha, Shravan, Dhanishtha, Shatabhisha, Poorva Bhadra, U.ttara Bhadra and Revati.
Timings listed in the Calendar:
The Tithi & Nakshatra times indicate a time when the Tithi or
Nakshatra ends. The Panchanga uses the Vedic definition of a day, i.e., A day starts with Sunrise and ends
with the subsequent Sunrise. Thus, a Tithi with a time of 29:00 indicates that the Tithi ends past midnight but
before the next Sunrise at 5:00 AM (29:00 – 24:00) on the next calendar day. Hence 24:00 means 00:00 hours
of the next day, 25:00 means 1:00 AM of the next day, and 29:00 means 5:00 AM of the next day. This is
standard time notation for any Panchangam. The time for Sun’s samkramana is when Sun will enter that rasi
or sign on that day. e.g. Makara 4:36 means Sun is entering Makara rasi at 4 hour 36 minute. All other times
are the ending times.
Calender Design
Pandit Mahesh Shastri
Panchang Ganita, Panchang Siddhanti
Hindu Poojari, Vedic and KP Astrologer
Dr. Ramchandra Joisa, Sistla Somayajulu,
Rallabhandi Anjaneyulu, Santhosh Kumar Sharma Gollapelli
Parantap Kumar Vyas, Pundit Sandip Shastriji (Indianapolis)
Monica Monasterio, Vikas Pulpa, Mohan Kotha, Chakri Mukkasa,
Rama Srinivasan, Paddy Ramaiyanger
Nayana Shastri
Notes: Any data presented here is copyright of mypanchang.com and its associates, any portion reproduced
without prior written permission of myPanchang.com will be treated as a violation of the United States
copyright laws.
How festival dates are determined? The usual rule to observe a festival is to check the Tithi prevailing
at the Sunrise. Each festival has different rules. For example Ganesha Chaturthi has to be oserved when the
Chaturthi Tithi is observed during the 8th/15th part of the dinmana. The dinmana is the difference between
local Sunset and Sunrise. If Chaturthi is not prevailing during that period then take the second day.
For example, if one Tithi is observed at moonrise in India it may or may not exist during moonrise on the